表面科学与多相催化

本门课包括:分子水平上描述固体及其表面的结果和电子结构,以及气体-固体的反应 ,多相催化学科的知识。

课程主要内容:
(英语讲授)

1. Fundamentals of Catalysis: Concepts and Elementary Steps
  1.1 General Principles
    1.1.1 Description of catalysts
    1.1.2 Properties of catalysts
    1.1.3 The effect of surface structure on reactivity
    1.1.4 Changing the reactivity of catalytic surfaces
    1.1.5 Catalytic activity and selectivity
    1.1.6 Measurement of catalytic properties
  1.2 Chemistry of Catalytic Processes
    1.2.1 Organometallic catalysis (homogeneous catalysis)
            1.2.1.1 Elementary Steps
            1.2.1.2 Examples
    1.2.2 Acid catalysis (catalytic cracking)
    1.2.3 Partial oxidation of hydrocarbons
    1.2.4 Metal catalysis
            1.2.4.1 The nature of gas-solid reactions
            1.2.4.2  Elementary surface reaction steps

2. Solid-State Chemistry and Surface Chemistry of Catalysts
  2.1 Synthesis and preparation of solid materials
  2.2 Atomic structure and bonding in solids
     2.2.1 Crystal lattices; order and disorder
     2.2.2 Crystal structure: atomic packing and geometry
     2.2.3 Experimental structure determination
  2.3 Structures of catalysts
     2.3.1 Metal catalysts
     2.3.2 Metal oxides
            2.3.2.1 Defects
            2.3.2.2 Nonstoichiometric compounds
            2.3.2.3 More complicated metallic oxides
    2.3.3 Zeolites
  2.4 Electronic Structure of Solids and their Surfaces

3.Surface Science Techniques for Characterizing Catalysts and their Surfaces
  3.1 Model systems and real-life catalysts
  3.2 Surface science techniques
  3.3 In situ methods

主要教材及参考书:
B.C. Gates, Catalytic Chemistry (Wiley, New York, 1992)
J.M. Thomas, W.J. Thomas, Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis (VCH, Weinheim, 1997)
D.F. Shriver,P.W. Atkins, Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed. (Oxford Univ. Press, 1999)
M. Bowker, The Basis and Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysis (Oxford Univ. Press, 1998)