化学反应动力学及机理

 

本门课包括:化学动力学原理及应用,包括催化和多相反应的动力学,化学反应的表征、机理推测、动力学参数的估算、微观反应动力学的概念等。

 

 

课程主要内容:(英语讲授)

 

1Basic Concepts of Kinetics

1.1 Definition of the Rate, Order and Molecularity, Elementary Reaction Rate Laws

1.2 Determination of Reaction Order, Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants

1.3 Stoichiometry Equations and Reaction Mechanisms

1.4 Collision Theory, Transition State Theory and Microscopic Reversibility

2Complex Reactions

2.1 Exact Analytic Solutions for Complex Reactions 

     2.2 Determinant (Matrix) Methods

2.3 Solutions in terms of a Physical Measurement 

2.4 Approximations: Steady-State Approximation, Rate Controlling Step, Lumping

2.5 Examples: Chain Reactions and Catalyzed Reactions

3Heterogeneous Catalysis

3.1 Adsorption and Desorption

3.2 Surface Reaction Networks

3.3 Simultaneous Reaction and Diffusion

4Characterizing Reactions and Mechanisms

4.1 Techniques for Kinetic Measurements, Treatment of Kinetic Measurements

4.2 Identification of the Intermediate

4.3 Kinetically Indistinguishable Mechanistic Schemes

4.4 Numerical Simulations

5Reactions in Solution

5.1 General Properties of Reactions in Solutions

5.2 Diffusion Limited Rate Constants, Slow reactions

5.3 Linear Free Energy Relationships

 

主要教材及参考书:

J.H. Espenson, Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, 2nd edition (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995)

G.F. Froment, K.B. Bischoff, Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, 3rd edition, (Wiley, New York, 2011).

J.I. Steinfeld,J.S. Francisco, W.L. Hase, Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics, 2nd edition (Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1999)

M.A. Vannice, Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions (Springer, 2005)